The Polite History
of the Snoqualmie Territory

The polite history of a place provides good context for its Strange history. The two are inextricably linked because what happens in the Subtle Realms is always somehow reflected in the Physical Realm.

Below are Warden Jim's notes on the polite, physical history of the Snoqualmie Territory. He is always looking to improve his understanding of the Territory's past. If you know of any additions or corrections to these notes, or if you know of any not-so-polite stories from this region's past, please send them to him in an email. Use the email address:

Jim@SnoqualmieStrange.com

Please put the words "History Notes" in the subject line.

19,000 years ago
The Puget Lobe of the Canadian ice sheet crosses the U.S. border. Glacial Lake Snoqualmie appears for the first time.

17,800 years ago
The entire lower valley is filled with ice. Glacial Lake Snoqualmie is gone.

17,400 years ago
The upper valley including Rattlesnake Lake is filled with ice.

16,900 years ago
The ice is at its maximum and reaches as far south as Tenino. Only Rattlesnake mountain and Mt. Si are above the ice.

16,500 years ago
The upper valley is ice free.

16,200 years ago
Glacial Lake Snoqualmie reforms. Lake Sammamish begins to form. Issaquah is under water.

16,100 years ago
Lake Sammamish is connected to the rest of the Puget Sound which was a massive fresh-water lake at the time.

16,000 years ago
The Puget Sound fills with salt water. Lake Washington and Lake Sammamish become land locked. Seattle becomes ice-free.

15,900 years ago
The Puget Sound extends to Duvall.

15,500 to 14,600 years ago
Glacial lake Snoqualmie is draining into Lake Sammamish.

12,800 years ago
Meteors hit the Canadian ice sheet and colossal floods wash across Western Washington. Sea levels rise by 300 feet. Younger Dryas period begins.

11,600 years ago
A second set of meteors hit the planet. The Younger Dryas period ends.

10,000 Years Ago
Evidence humans came to the valley.

9,000 years ago
Archaeological evidence shows that aboriginal people camped on Rattlesnake Prairie and fished and hunted around Chester Morse Lake.

5,600 years ago
The northeast flank of Mt Rainier collapses. The resulting lahar covers Auburn.

2,200 years ago
Rainier erupts. Lahars reach Tukwila.

2,500 years ago
The first of four major magnitude 7 earthquakes on the Seattle Fault

2,200 years ago
The last major lahar from Mt. Rainier along the Duwamish River.

1,100 years ago
Seattle Fault earthquake raised the duwamish valley 20 feet and spawned a tsunami in the Puget Sound.

900 AD
A Seattle Fault earthquake caused 20 feet of uplift on the south side on I-90

1543
The Pacific Northwest claimed by Spain

1579
The Washington coast sighted by Sir Francis Drake and claimed for England.

1592
The Strait of Juan de Fuca is sighted and claimed by Juan de Fuca

1650 and 1675
Evidence exists that a large fire swept through higher elevations (above 1600 feet) of the Cedar river watershed.

1700
January 26, Cascadia megaquake and Tsunami.

1767
Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley

1775
Bruno de Hezeta lands on the Washington coast and claims the area for Spain. On his return south, he sees the mouth of the Columbia River.

1778
James Cook (British) explores and charts the Northwest Coast.

1789
George Washington is elected the first president of the United States.

1790
Manuel Quimper explored both shores of strait of Juan De Fuca

1792
Puget Sound area Charted by Capt. George Vancouver and and Lt. Peter Puget

1792
Spain establishes the first non-Indian settlement in Washington at Neah Bay.

1805-1806
Lewis and Clark explore Washington.

1815
Birth of Snoqualmie Chief Patkanim

1818
United States and Great Britain agree to joint occupation of the Oregon Territory.

1823
Monroe Doctrine warns other countries against attempting occupation in US claimed lands.

1824
Bureau of Indian Affairs is set up in the War Department. Russia sets its southern boundary in the Pacific Northwest at 54 degrees, 40 minutes.

1825
The Hudson's Bay Company establishes forts Vancouver and Colville on the Columbia.

1825-1827
David Douglas, a Scottish botanist representing the Horticultural Society of London, spends eleven years in the United States traveling the west and documenting the plants he encountered. Douglas visited the Pacific Northwest three times between 1825-1827 and 1830-1832. Throughout his journeys Douglas described 250 plants previously unknown in Europe.

1827
The Hudson Bay Company founded Ft. Langley.

1831
The Department of Indian Affairs is set up in the Department of the Interior. New duties include dealing with Native American nations in the West.

1832
Ft. Nisqually established at the site of present-day Dupont.

1840s
The area’s first white settlers, looking for trading routes over the Cascades “discovered” the Cedar River Pack Trail, which had been in use for centuries by indigenous people.

1841
An Influx of Oregon Trail settlers begins

1841
A United States naval expedition, headed by Charles Wilkes, explores Washington.

1842
John C. Fremont leads an Army Topographical Corps' Expedition to the Rocky Mountains. He witnesses an eruption of Mt. St. Helens. His maps of this expedition and one the following year are printed by the government and are widely used by pioneers heading west.

1848
Surveyor, Washington Hall, is guided to Snoqualmie Falls by Indian scouts.

1849
The California Gold Rush results in a flood of immigrants to the West Coast whose demand for lumber triggers economic development in the Pacific Northwest.

1851 (November)
The first white settlers arrive in Seattle.

1851
Samuel Hancock explores the Snoqualmie area looking for coal and recognizes the agricultural value of the area.

1853
Col. J. Patton Anderson and Lieut. Floyd Cook of the 4th Infantry measured the Snoqualmie Falls with a plum line and reported a height of 260”.

1853
Plat filed to establish the new town of Seattle.

1855
Seattle population: 300.

1855-58
Yakima Indian War is fought.

1855-1856 Winter
Washington Territorial Volunteers built forts in the Snoqualmie Valley to guard against an indian uprising that never came.

1855
Kate Kanim Smith is born at the mouth of Griffin Creek at Pleasant Hill near Tolt.  Half Sister to Jerry Kanim and future wife of Jeremiah Borst.

1855 (January 22)
Point Elliott Treaty of 1855 - The Snoqualmie Tribe sold the lands extending from Commencement Bay to the Gulf of Georgia and from the Sound to the peaks of the Cascades for $50,000. Signed by Chief Patkanim.

1856 (January 26)
The Battle of Seattle is fought. Seattle residents fire muskets at attacking Indians, upset over attempts to relocate them. The sloop Decatur fires its cannon, routing the Indians. Two settlers are killed.

1856
Inventor Nikola Tesla was born on July 10th, in Serbia.

1858
Rainier eruptive activity

1858 -1880s
15-20 families, the pioneers, settle above the Falls. The Kellogg brothers were the first white settlers. Jerry Borst “Father of the Prairie” arrives - he started the school and a church

1859 (September 1–2)
The Carrington Event.  One of the largest recorded geomagnetic storms (as recorded by ground-based magnetometers) occurred. Auroras were seen around the world, those in the northern hemisphere as far south as the Caribbean; those over the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. were so bright that their glow awoke gold miners, who began preparing breakfast because they thought it was morning.People in the northeastern United States could read a newspaper by the aurora's light.
Telegraph systems all over Europe and North America failed, in some cases giving telegraph operators electric shocks, Telegraph pylons threw sparks.Some telegraph operators could continue to send and receive messages despite having disconnected their power supplies.

1860s
Gold and silver discovered in the Okanogan.

1860s
Smallpox ravaged the Snoqualmie Tribe

1861
The battle at Fort Sumter marks the beginning of the Civil War.

1861
Nov. 4: Washington Territorial University — later the University of Washington — is established in downtown Seattle.

1862
Homestead Act is signed

1862
Josiah Merritt (d. 1882), known to everyone as Uncle Si, arrived and filed a claim on a large plot near the Middle Fork of the Snoqualmie at the foot of the massive, towering Moon Mountain.

1862
Congress passes the Pacific Railroad Act, giving Central Pacific and Union Pacific Companies permission and land grants to begin construction of a transcontinental railroad line stretching along the 42nd parallel.

1863
The Idaho Territory is formed.

1864
The Montana Territory is formed.

1864 (October 25)
The Western Union telegraph line reaches Seattle.

1865
Civil War ends. Union Pacific Railroad heads west.

1865
The first wagon train consisting of 6 wagons made it over Snoqualmie pass traveling east to west.

1868
Wagon road is completed from the Snoqualmie Prairie through Snoqualmie Pass.

1868
Jeremiah Borst married Mina.

1869
Jerry Kanim is born.

1869 - 1924
Approximately 180,000 Japanese immigrated to the U.S. mainland, with the majority settling on the West Coast and establishing farms or small businesses.

1870
Seattle Population: 1,107

1870
Smallpox epidemic ravages the Coast Salish people.

1870
Rainier eruptive activity

1870 - 1912
Know as The Hop Growing Years, as many as 2500 people would come to pick hops in the September. Tribes came from all over including Eastern Washington and British Columbia. They each had separate camps established by a US Marshal to maintain peace.

1870 (May 20)
The Snoqualmie Post Office is established by Jeremiah W. Borst in what is now known as North Bend.

1872
Josiah Merritt took up a claim near North Bend. He was know as Uncle Si.

1872
The very first mill in Snoqualmie was established at the mouth of Tokul Creek by Watson Allen.  Within 5 years, there were 12 logging operations on the Snoqualmie River. Within 15 years, logging and mill work was employing 140 men.

1872
President Ulysses S. Grant signs the bill creating the first National Park, Yellowstone.

1872 (December 14)
A strong earthquake in the Cascade Mountains caused damage at Victoria, British Columbia, and Seattle. It was felt over a very large area, about 390,000 square kilometers, extending as far south as Eugene, Oregon, and north into British Columbia, probably even into Alaska. Estimated to be a 7.3 quake.

1873
An Earthquake occurred in the Puget Sound region.

1875
18 fully loaded coal cars from Newcastle sank in 200 feet of water in Lake Washington opposite McGilvra's Landing.

1876
Mina Borst dies in childbirth.

1876
The Newcastle mines produced 400 tons of coal a day and employed 250 men.

1878
Narrow gauge rail service was completed between Renton and the Newcastle coal mines. This 6.5 mile extension allowed for much greater production and therefore growth of the Company town. Regular passenger service began in November of 1878 enabling Newcastle to become more than just a mining town. It was a destination for hunting and hiking

1879
Enough families are living in Tolt to necessitate the construction of a school, which was no more than a log shack.

1879
Rainier eruptive activity

1880
Jeremiah Borst marries Kate Kanim Smith

1880
Seattle's population is 3,533.

1880
President Rutherford B. Hayes visits New Castle.

1882
Hop Growers Association is formed. Richard Jeff of White River, Captain George W. Gove, D.K. Baxter were founding members.

1882
Rainier eruptive activity

1884
The Hop Ranch opens in Snoqualmie valley

1884
Nikola Tesla came to the United States and briefly worked with Thomas Edison before the two parted ways.

1886
Coal mining town of Roslyn founded; Mine operated by the Northern Pacific Coal Company.

1887
The Seattle, Lake Shore & Eastern Railroad arrived in Issaquah, coal mining begins in earnest, and the little valley community experienced rapid growth. Hundreds of men, many of them immigrants, moved to the area looking for work.

1897
The rail line between Renton and Newcastle was converted to standard gauge (wider) and the shorter bridges were removed and the canyons filled in with tailings to level the bed. This interrupted the natural water flow from the south into Coal Creek causing the creation of temporary wetlands and subsurface creeks that would cause washouts during rain events. The biggest task in the conversion to standard gauge rail was the construction of a second large trestle over May Creek. Alongside of the existing 1,200-foot-long 120 foot structure another, less curvier bridge was built. At the time it was the largest timber structure in the United States

1888
The town now called Issaquah was platted.

1888
Stampede Tunnel of the Northern Pacific Railroad completed across the Cascades.

1888
John Muir climbed Mount Rainier in and although he enjoyed the view, he conceded that it was best appreciated from below. Muir was one of many who advocated protecting the mountain.

1889
Washington becomes the 42nd state.

1889
Raging River trestle is built. trestle No. 27.2. It collapsed in 1900 killing the Engineer. Repaired and rebuilt quickly. In 1910 the wood truss was replaced with a twin-steel girder span. Rail service was discontinued in 1974. The trestle was torn down in 1982.

1889
Railroad over Snoqualmie Pass is completed.

1889 (June)
The Great Seattle Fire occurs.

1890
Seattle's population is 42,837

1890
Excursion trips from Seattle to Snoqualmie Falls were popular.  It was a 3-5 hour trip one way.

1890
Large landslides occurred in Lake Washington at a’ yahos sites.

1890 (March 3rd)
The town name “Snoqualmie” was changed to “Mountain View” (present day North Bend). Alfred A. Fisk was postmaster at the time of the name change. He distributed mail from his store at a road tollgate.

1890 (December 31st)
The town name “Mountain View” was changed to “North Bend.”

1891
Miners barricade the town of Issaquah to keep scab workers out, and 50 members of the state militia were brought to keep the peace.

1891
Issaquah’s first Catholic church is built. It stayed in service until 1965.

1892
The town now called Issaquah was incorporated under the name Gilman.

1892
First fatality at the Squak Mountain mines. Zefrum Rolando killed by a falling pipe column.

1893
The economic Panic of 1893 strikes.

1893  
The Rainier area was set aside as part of the Pacific Forest Reserve in order to protect its physical and economic resources, primarily timber and watersheds.

1894
Rainier eruption. The eruption lasted for about a month. 65 people died.

1896
Squak mines (called then Seattle Coal and Iron) were at the peak of production. The company was later renamed Issaquah Coal around 1890.

1896
2 fatalities at Squak Mountain mines.

1897
The city of Seattle purchases the Cedar River Watershed for $2,960,000. At the time it covered 137 square miles

1897 July 17
Alaska Gold Rush. The steamship Portland docks in Seattle loaded with gold, igniting the Klondike Gold Rush. Business generated by supplying prospectors brings great gains in wealth and population to the city.

1897-1900
Mini gold but a rush false alarm on the North Fork of the river. Many prospect shafts were sunk throughout the area.

1898
April 18th, Charles H. Baker begins construction of the Snoqualmie Falls Power Plant.

1898
Spanish American War

1998
3 fatalities at Squak mountain mines (suffocation)

1899
The City of Seattle began to take ownership of the watershed, nearly 3000 acres of timber had already been removed near Landsburg. Logging operations were still active, and several sawmills operated nearby.

1899 (July 3)
Snoqualmie Falls Power Plant delivers its first current to Seattle.

1899
The townsfolk of Gilman renamed the village to Issaquah -- a closer approximation of the original Indian name.

1899 (March 2nd)
President William McKinley established Mount Rainier National Park as America's fifth national park. Congress dedicated the new park "for the benefit and enjoyment of the people" and "... for the preservation from injury or spoliation of all timber, mineral deposits, natural curiosities, or wonders within said park, and their retention in their natural condition."

1900
Seattle's population is 80,671.

1900
Frederick Weyerhaeuser sets up a logging business in western Washington.

1900
There were enough children in Fall City to necessitate the construction of a two-story schoolhouse.

1902 (May 5)
The town of Tolt was platted and soon more businesses and services became available to the loggers, farmers, and their families.

1902
Dr. Richard T. Burke starts serving the Snoqualmie Valley.

1903 (September 16th)
Fire at the Snoqualmie Falls Power Plant. 35,000 gallons of transformer oil spills into the shaft and fills the cavity with flames. Accounts of burning oil miles downstream from the plant.


1904
Issaquah Coal company closes after a strike and a fire that destroyed the company store, an adjoining meat market, a saloon, a shoe store, a harness shop and 2 residences.

1905
Snoqualmie medicine man, Old Doc, dies at age 130.

1905
The first automobile crosses Snoqualmie Pass

1905
Mining claims were registered on the Bear Basin Mine near North Bend.

1906
The town of Moncton (Cedar Falls) is founded near Rattlesnake Lake along the Milwaukee Chicago rail line.

1907
The Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway (Milwaukee) Company was granted right of way through the Cedar River Watershed.

1908
A Gentlemen's Agreement between Japan and the United States banned the immigration of unskilled laborers. A loophole allowed the wives of men already in the US to join their husbands. The practice of women marrying by proxy and immigrating to the U.S. resulted in a large increase in the number of "picture brides" and, soon after, children.

1909
The Northwest Milk Condensing Co. (later Darigold) opened, and soon Issaquah became one of the largest suppliers of milk to Seattle.

1909 (March 29th)
Railroad workers lay the last rail of the Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound Railway's line (later named the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway) at Snoqualmie Pass, just in time to carry passengers from Eastern Washington to Seattle for the opening of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition.

1909
The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition is held in Seattle to showcase the Northwest's setting and bounty of natural resources

1909
The Mount Olympus National Monument is established.

1909
150 cars per day can make it through the Snoqualmie Pass.

1910
Seattle's population is 237,194.

1910
Women gain the right to vote in Washington.  Ten years later on August 18, 1920, the 19th amendment guaranteed all American women the right to vote.

1910
The town at the confluence of the Tolt River and the Snoqualmie River was named “Carnation” after the world-famous Carnation Dairy.

1910s
Originally a town of bachelors, many of the Cedar Falls men started marrying, and soon the town was filled with families and children.

1910
A post office called High Point was established, and remained in operation until 1943

1910
The Great Northern Railroad had reached Carnation (Tolt) from the north.

1910s
Issaquah holds an annual Rodeo and carnival.

1910 -1912
Near Carnation, Elbridge Amos Stuart cleared 350 acres of timber and brush and brought in a purebred bull and 86 registered Holstein cows to form a research herd. Two years later, he cleared 400 more acres, and today the farm rests on some 1,200 acres of land. The valley became world-famous as the "Home for Contented Cows." One cow from the herd, nicknamed "Possum Sweetheart," produced more than 37,000 pounds of milk in one year -- a world record.

1910’s to 1940’s
The Cedar Falls Depot supported up to 4 passenger and 8 freight trains a day. In addition to the main line connecting Seattle-Tacoma with Chicago and points east, there was also a branch line through Cedar Falls from Everett to Enumclaw.

1911
A new masonry dam was built to harness more of the Cedar river. Camp Two was built near it, and housed more than 200 men.

1912
The Moncton railroad depot was renamed "Cedar Falls"

1912 (January 1)
The town of Carnation (Tolt) was incorporated.

1912
German born Count Alvo von Alvensleben buys the Issaquah Coal company and the Superior Coal Mining company and begins making lavish investments in the mines. When WWI started his plans came to an end. The Count fled to New York but was caught and interred at Fort Douglas in Utah until 1919. All his holdings were confiscated.

1912
Regular ferry service was established making the water route across Keechelus Lake part of the Snoqualmie Pass trip.

1913
J Harlen Bretz maps the glacial activity of the region.

1914 (July 28)
WW I begins in Europe.

1915
May through December, the town of Moncton (Cedar Falls) is slowly flooded by as much as a foot a day.  The buildings were inundated, popped off their foundations, and bobbed in the water like corks. What remained of the buildings were collected, soaked in kerosene and burned - completely wiping the town off the map.

1915
Sunset Highway through Snoqualmie pass completed.

1915
Work began on the Brick School located on the west end of Fall City. The building served as both grade school and high school until after World War II.

1916
Prohibition begins in Washington 2 years before the rest of the country.

1917
A new all-electric lumber mill (only the second ever in the U.S.) opened across the river from Snoqualmie, along with the company town associated with it, Snoqualmie Falls.

1917 (May 9)
The Boeing Airplane Company is established.

1917 (April 4)
WW I begins for the US. The U.S. Senate voted in support of the measure requested by President Woodrow Wilson to declare war on Germany. The United States later declared war on German ally Austria-Hungary on December 7, 1917.

1917
Fort Lewis was originally established with the passage of a Pierce County bond measure to purchase 70,000 acres of land to donate to the federal government for permanent use as a military installation.

1917
Snoqualmie Mining Company built a small mill on the creek around 1917 and by 1922 a small amount of silver was produced. A 1,500 ft long aerial tram was built to the #3 adit then moved to the #6.

1918 (May 8)
Lake Washington Ship Canal, including the Hiram Chittenden Locks, is completed, connecting Shilshole Bay, Lake Union and Lake Washington.

1918 (November 11)
WW I ends.

1918 (December)
Boxley blowout occurs washing the away many homes in Edgewick.

1918-1919
A flu epidemic kills 1,600 in Seattle.

1919 (April 5th)
Suspicious explosion destroyed Pacific Coast Coal’s dynamite shack and an air compression building. The company hotel was badly damaged but there were no fatalities and little disruption to the mines. There was $4,000 - $5,000 in damages.

1920
Seattle's population is 315,312.

1920s
Sunset Highway was built through Issaquah, bringing the small town into the Auto Age.

1920
Issaquah citizens had telephones, indoor plumbing, schools, and banks.

1920 - 1933
Prohibition is in effect and moonshine stills spring up all throughout the Snoqualmie Territory.

1921
Dr. Burke starts as Chief Dr. at the Hospital on the Hill for the Snoqualmie Falls Lumber Company mill town where he serves until his death in 1927.

1924
The City of Seattle hired Dean Winkenwerder of the University of Washington College of Forestry to come up with a plan relating to the removal and replanting of local timber in the Forbidden Forest. Following Winkenwerder’s report, the City hired a forester on a permanent basis. The first forester was Allen Thompson. Logging continued, but methods of operation, sanitary conditions, and fire precautions were regulated and strengthened.

1924 (June 5th)
An Issaquah park served as a bivouac site for the 4th Infantry Regiment that was moving from Fort George Worth to Camp Lewis in Pierce County.  The force consisted of 15 Officers, 250 Soldiers and 30 trucks. It caused quite a stir in the otherwise sleepy town.

1924 (July 26th)
The Ku Klux Klan rally held in Issaquah.  The rally, dubbed as a “Konklovation”, was held one mile west of town near the present day Park and Ride Lot on 17th Avenue Northwest.  During the ceremony, which was illuminated by a “fiery” electric cross measuring 40 feet high and 37 feet wide, 250 Klansmen were initiated into organization. It was reported that a crowd in excess of 13,000 persons attended the rally and were “entertained” by a thirty-two-piece band, a play by school children and speeches on “Americanism”.  Deputy Sheriffs kept order and hooded Klansmen directed traffic, which clogged roadways for two hours following the rally.

1920s (Mid)
Railroad logging in the Middle Fork area begins.  By the early 1940’s the big timber on the valley floor had been harvested. In the early 1930s, all of the big Douglas Fir and Red Western Cedar had been cut in the Middle Fork area and loaded onto railroad cars and processed at the mills.

1927
Train Wreck on Tiger Mountain. A crew cleaning up after the fire on February 23, 1927 overloaded their train. As the train came down the mountain, control was lost and the Climax Locomotive, an unoccupied passenger coach, a flat car with a Clyde Tracklayer, and a flatcars carrying steel rail jumped the tracks on the Holder Creek bridge. All but one of the crew were able jump to safety before the wreck. A 50 year old section hand died in the accident.

1927
Dr. Burke dies.

1929
US stock market crashes. Great Depression begins and it hit the logging industry hard. For the next 40 years, Issaquah saw little change in its population of approximately 900 persons.

1930
Seattle's population is 365,583.

1930s
I-90 tunnels are dug through Mt. Baker Ridge

1930s (early)
All of the big Douglas Fir and Red Western Cedar had been cut in the Middle Fork area and loaded onto railroad cars and processed at the mills.

1932, (February 26)
A torrent of water, mud, and slash sweeps through the small settlement of Edgewick again — killing seven people and injuring two others.

1933
Prohibition ends

1933
Snoqualmie Falls Bridge Wrecked on December 14, 1933. Second bridge at Snoqualmie Falls which fell when tanker hit end and burned the end pin out.  Before it could be put in place again the river came up and washed it downstream, so it was replaced by the present bridge.  The first bridge was later put over the river on Cedar Falls Road.  It was taken apart in sections and moved.

1933 (April 5)
Executive Order 6102 is a United States presidential executive order signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt "forbidding the Hoarding of gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates within the continental United States".

1934
The mill at Bear Basin Mine burned down and little has been done there since.

1936
Cherrie trees were planted near the Snoqualmie Falls mill town by an 8th grade Japanese school girl.

1936
Issaquah starts a tradition of celebrating Labor Day with a parade, a Queen, and a carnival.

1936
The federal Works Progress Administration provided jobs through the replacement of Issaquah’s sewer system, and the construction of such buildings as the Sportsmen’s Club and the Issaquah Salmon Hatchery

1937
Snoqualmie Ski area gets permission to construct a rope tow.

1939 (November 12)
An earthquake of magnitude 5 3/4 originated near Olympia. A few fallen and twisted chimneys (MM VII), cracked concrete and plaster, and broken windows occurred throughout the epicentral area. The most noticeable damage was at Centralia, Elma, Oakville, and Oylmpia. Most of Washington and a portion of Oregon felt the tremor; it was also felt in some parts of British Columbia. The total U.S. area affected was about 155,000 square km.

1939 (September 3)
Germany invades Poland - the start of WWII.

1940
Seattle's population is 368,302.

1940
The Lake Washington Bridge opened then named Highway 10 (now I-90)

1941 (December 7)
Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. On, December 8th the US declares War on Japan. On December 11th Germany and Italy declare war on the US.

1942
Japanese sent to internment camps. Executive Order 9066, signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942, authorized military commanders to designate "military areas" at their discretion, "from which any or all persons may be excluded." These "exclusion zones," unlike the "alien enemy" roundups, were applicable to anyone that an authorized military commander might choose, whether citizen or non-citizen. Relocation in Seattle occurred on April 21st.

1942
Issaquah Skyport began as a flight testing facility during WWII.

1943
Nikola Tesla dies and his unpublished papers are seized by the Federal Government.

1943
April 16th, the Sahalie Ski Club lodge at Snoqualmie Pass burned to the ground.

1944
Mountaineers lodge on west side of Snoqulamie Pass burns to the ground.

1945 (April 29)
Earthquake occurs in the Puget Sound region. Minor damage, such as cracked plaster and chimneys was reported from North Bend, Palmer, and Stampede Pass following an earthquake. Slight damage occurred in a number of other towns in the area and there were large rock slides on the west face of Mount Si. Many reports described moderately loud to terrific explosion-like sounds accompanying the ground shaking. This earthquake was felt over the greater portion of Washington, a small section of western Idaho, and in the vicinity of Portland, Oregon, approximately 130,000 square km. A strong aftershock caused additional slight damage at North Bend about 10 hours later; another aftershock on May 1 was widely felt.

1946 (February 14)
The magnitude 5.75 tremor was also felt in southwestern British Columbia and northwestern Oregon.  A few deaths were attributed indirectly to the shock; damage was estimated at $250,000, mostly in Seattle. Most of the reported damage was limited to cracked plaster and slight chimney failure, but there were a few cases of spectacular building damage in Seattle.

1946 (June 23)
A magnitude 7.3 shock in the Strait of Georgia caused the bottom of Deep Bay to sink between 2.7 and 25.6 meters. These measurements were reported by the Canadian Hydrographic Department. Also, a 3 meter ground shift occurred on Read Island. One person was drowned when a small boat was overturned by waves created by a nearby landslide. Waves were reported sweeping in from the sea, flooding fields and highways. Heavy damage occurred in the epicentral region. South of the Washington State boundary, some chimneys fell at Eastsound and on Orcas Island and a concrete mill was damaged at Port Angeles. Some damage occurred on upper floors of tall buildings in Seattle. The shock was strongly felt at Bellingham, Olympia, Raymond, and Tacoma.

1947
Kenneth Arnold sights UFO over Mt. Rainier. This is the first record of a UFO sighting in America.

1948
Washington's first TV station (KING-TV) begins broadcasting in Seattle

1949 (April 13)
7.1 magnitude earthquake. The epicenter lies between Olympia and Tacoma, along the southern edge of Puget Sound. Property damage in Olympia, Seattle, and Tacoma was estimated at $25 million; eight people were killed; and many were injured. Several structures were condemned, including two schools and a church at Centralia, south of Olympia; a junior high school at Auburn, northeast of Tacoma; and a library at Chehalis, near Centralia. School buildings in widely separated towns were damaged seriously. Water spouted from cracks that formed in the ground at Centralia, Longview, and Seattle. One new spring developed on a farm at Forest. Downed chimneys and walls were reported from towns throughout the area.

1953 (January 7)
A plane crashes on Squak Mountain. A Tiger Airlines, 4-engine DC-4 clipped a tree during a wind and rain storm, came straight down and resulted in an explosion and fireball killing all 7 on board. It occurred directly west of the paraglider landing area.

1953 (March)
A second plane crashes on Squak mountain. A Piper Cub type crashed into the top of the ridge a few hundred feet from where the other plane hit the tree. The pilot was killed. The frame of the plane remains on the mountain.

1953
The Anti-Aircraft Peak site on Cougar Mountain is occupied by anti-aircraft guns.

1955
Construction began on the Echo Lake Cutoff Road, along the route of the North Bend–Auburn branch of PSH 2 and the Auburn–Federal Way branch PSH 5, now SR 18.

1956
The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act (Public Law 84-627), was enacted on June 29, 1956, when President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the bill into law.

1956
Julius moved Boehm’s Candies to the Issaquah foothills. The “Edelweiss Chalet” as it was named (symbolizing the beautiful flower of Switzerland) was the first Alpine chalet in the Northwest.

1957
The U.S. Army Nike Missile Site number S-20 at Cougar Mountain came online. Charlie Staggers served on Cougar Mountain as a young soldier in 1958. From the site atop the mountain, he manned radar.
The team of about 100 men slept and worked in low buildings surrounded by forest and sweeping vistas of the surrounding peaks. Staggers and others rode buses from the mountaintop down to the launcher-area cafeteria for meals. On snowy days, soldiers kept the road to the site open using a dump truck outfitted with a plow.

1958
Issaquah’s train depot is closed.

1958
90 homes are moved from the Snoqualmie Mill town across a temporary bridge to Snoqualmie.

1961
Linn Emrich leased the Issaquah Skyport and starts the Seattle Sky Sports Club.

1962
Seattle World's Fair occurs.

1962
The Milwaukee line discontinued passenger train service through Cedar Falls.

1964
The Nike missile site on Cougar Mountain is deactivated by the Army.

1964 (December)
The final 7 miles of the Echo Lake Cutoff, from an entrance to Tiger Mountain State Forest to I-90, was officially opened, now SR 18..

1965 (April 29)
A 6.5 magnitude earthquake strikes the Puget Sound region. This earthquake caused about $12.5 million in property damage and killed seven people. This shock was characterized by a rather large area of MM intensity VII and small pockets of MM intensity VIII in Seattle and suburbs and southeast of Seattle, in Issaquah. Pockets of high earthquake intensity, as typified by damage such as fallen chimneys, almost always were associated with variations in the local geology.

1965
The military started the process to transfer the land of Cougar Mountain to King County. The old missile site turned out to be some of the initial pieces of modern-day Cougar Mountain Regional Wildland Park, a forested 3,100-acre preserve.

1967 (Jan. 31)
Interstate 5 is completed from Tacoma to Everett.

1967 (November)
A 14 year old boy climbed into a mine hole near Squak Mountain and was overcome by hydrogen sulfide fumes. Two neighbors trying to help were similarly affected. If not for the police all 3 would have died.

1969
Salmon Days starts in Issaquah

1969 (January)
An 18 foot hole opens in the backyard of a resident living near Squak Mountain. Other larger holes also opened in the area. They were were filled with truck loads of stumps and old cars.

1970
Seattle's population is 530,831.

1970 (May)
A gaping hole 50 feet long, 30 feet wide and 40 feet deep opened under a roadway near Squak Mountain. Soon after the city of Issaquah enacted policies that prevented future development on the mountain.

1970
Issaquah’s population had more than quadrupled to 4,313 residents.

1971 (Nov. 24)
A man, known only by the pseudonym Dan or D.B. Cooper, hijacks a Northwest Airlines flight from Portland to Seattle. After collecting a $200,000 ransom and four parachutes in Seattle, he orders the pilots to fly to Mexico. As the plane flies over Southwest Washington, he jumps out. About $5,800 of the money is found years later, but neither Cooper nor the rest of the money has been found. two of the parachutes, both chest-mounted reserve chutes, were from Issaquah Skyport, which was owned by Linn Emirch, and the two main backpack parachutes were provided by Earl Cossey, an FAA Master Parachute Rigger and parachuting instructor, from his home.

1973 - 1978
Serial Killer Ted Bundy is active in the Snoqualmie Territory

1975
Microsoft, a major producer of computer software, is founded in Redmond.

1976
Dixy Lee Ray, first woman governor of Washington is elected.

1980
Seattle's population is 493,846.

1980 (May 18)
Mt. St. Helens erupts.

1980s
State route 18 over Tiger pass is the site of 170 accidents including 6 fatalities.

1982 (July 15)
The body of Wendy Lee Coffield, the Green River killer's first victim, is found. Forty-nine homicides have been attributed to this serial killer.

1986 and 1987
In Issaquah, 54 recorded mines and all were sealed by the federal government.

1987
Clovis Points are discovered in an East Wenatchee orchard.

1987
The Issaquah Skyport is closed.

1989 (Jan. 24)
Serial killer Ted Bundy is executed in Florida. Before his death, the Tacoma-raised killer confesses to 20 murders committed between 1973 and 1978, 11 of them in Washington.

1990
Seattle's population is 516,259.

1990
Nov. 25: The Interstate 90 floating bridge sinks in a storm.

1993 (Jan. 20)
Six people die, 750,000 homes and businesses lose power and 167 homes are destroyed in the Puget Sound's Inaugural Day storm.

1998
The United States Geological Survey began putting together the Mount Rainier Volcano Lahar Warning System to assist in the emergency evacuation of the Puyallup River valley in the event of a catastrophic debris flow.

2000
Seattle's population is 563,374.

2001 (February 28)
Nisqually magnitude-6.8 earthquake. About 400 people injured and major damage in the Seattle-Tacoma- Olympia area. Maximum intensity (VIII) in the Capitol Hill area of Olympia and in the Pioneer Square area south of downtown Seattle. Preliminary estimates of damage are between 1 and 4 billion U.S. dollars. Landslides occurred in the Tacoma area and near Renton. Liquefaction and sand blows occurred in parts of Olympia and South Seattle.

2003
Green River killer, Gary Ridgway, confessed to murdering 48 women.